Our journey in the study of copepods in Türkiye began with the pioneering samplings in the Marmara Sea by Noodt in 1955. Despite this early start, the field did not see significant progress until the early 2000s. This change was spearheaded by the commendable efforts of Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ and Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak, whose leadership in a series of research projects accelerated the pace of discovery and understanding.

A particular focus has been on the interstitial and phytal harpacticoids living along the Turkish coastlines, which have been intensively sampled and studied since then. Our website aims to highlight the systematic studies of Copepods in Turkey and introduce the researchers contributing to this field. Additionally, we are excited to share a catalog of copepod species collected during these field studies (TCRC – Turkish Copepoda Research Collection).

Researchers interested in featuring their work on our site and having their samples cataloged in the Turkish Copepoda Research Collection are encouraged to reach out to us through the contact form available on our website.

Join us in exploring the fascinating world of copepods and contributing to the growth of this vital field of research in Türkiye.

Creators:
Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ
Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Alp Alper
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Serdar Sönmez
This website is dedicated to the study of copepods in Turkey and has been developed through the collaborative efforts of Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ, Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Alp Alper, and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Serdar Sönmez. This site is an expression of their desire to share their knowledge and research findings with a broader audience.

Active Researchers

Prof. Dr.
Süphan KARAYTUĞ

Mersin University

Prof. Dr.
Serdar SAK

Balıkesir University

Assoc. Prof. Dr.
Alp ALPER

Balıkesir University

Assoc. Prof. Dr.
Serdar SÖNMEZ

Adıyaman University

Dr. Alper KABACA

Balıkesir University

Dr. N. Özlem YILDIZ

Dokuz Eylül University

Dr. Seher KURU

Mersin University

Dr. Songül YURTDAŞ

Ministry of Education

MSc. Cennet ARSLAN

Mersin University – PhD candidate

MSc. Dilara BAKMAZ

Sivas Cumhuriyet University

Research

Projects

The Systematics and Biodiversity of Harpacticoid (Crustacea, Copepoda) Copepods Living in the Shallow and Tidal Zone Sandy Beach Habitats of the Black Sea

TBAG-1962 (100T120)
[COMPLETED in 2005]

This study conducted along the Black Sea shores of Turkey aimed to shed light on the harpacticoid (Crustacea, Copepoda) fauna, contributing to the research that unveils the richness of Turkey’s copepod biodiversity. Led by Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ with the research assistance of Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak, the project culminated in February 2005, identifying 58 species and 2 subspecies within 41 genera across 21 families.

Project Report (in Turkish)
Determination of the Intertidal (Intersititial) and Phytal Harpacticoid (Crustacea, Copepoda) Fauna along the Mediterranean Coast of Turkey between Samandağ (Hatay) and Kalkan (Antalya)

TBAG-106T590
[COMPLETED in 2010]

This pivotal study, led by Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ along with researchers Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Alp Alper, and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Serdar Sönmez, has illuminated the previously undocumented diversity of interstitial and phytal harpacticoids living in the mediolittoral zone of Turkey’s Mediterranean coast. The research has identified 129 species within 76 genera and 30 families, marking a significant extension of the known Harpacticoida fauna. Notably, 128 of these species, excluding Euterpina acutifrons, represent new records for the Turkish Mediterranean shore. Furthermore, 6 families, 28 genera, and 95 species have been recorded for the first time in the Turkish fauna. Seven of the identified species (including one that also represents a new genus) are novel to science, expanding the global understanding of copepod biodiversity.

Project Report (in Turkish)
The Fauna of Intertidal and Phytal Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) Living in the Mediolittoral Zone of Turkey’s Aegean Shores

KBAG-111T576
[COMPLETED in 2014]

This comprehensive study, spearheaded by Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ and a team of researchers including Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Alp Alper, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Serdar Sönmez, Dr. N. Özlem Yıldız, and Dr. Seher Kuru, aimed to uncover the diversity of interstitial and phytal harpacticoids in the mediolittoral zone of Turkey’s Aegean coast. Field studies were conducted across 119 stations between Fethiye (Muğla) and Dikili (İzmir), revealing 127 species and 3 subspecies within 72 genera and 26 families. Notably, this investigation has resulted in the first Turkish records of 2 families (Peltidiidae and Porcellidiidae), 11 genera, 53 species, and 3 subspecies.

Project Report (in Turkish)
Determination of the Harpacticoid Copepod (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida) Fauna in the Intertidal and Phytal Habitats of the Mediolittoral Zone of Saros Gulf Coast

KBAG-212T105
[COMPLETED in 2015]

This research project, overseen by Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak with the assistance of Assoc. Prof. Dr. Alp Alper and MSc. Orkan Metin, has been an extensive survey of the Harpacticoida fauna in the interstitial and phytal habitats of the mediolittoral zone of Saros Gulf. Across 29 sampled stations, 115 species/subspecies within 66 genera and 24 families were identified, all of which are new records for the study area. Notably, two families (Laophontopsiidae and Rhizothricidae), seven genera (Laophontopsis, Tryphoema, Itunella, Klieosoma, Parapseudoleptomesochra, Stylicletodes, Wellsopsyllus), and 36 species/subspecies have been recorded for the first time in Turkish seas.

Project Report (in Turkish)
Qualitative and Quantitative Examination of the Harpacticoid Copepod (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida) Fauna Living in the Intertidal Habitat of Mediolittoral Zone of Sarımsaklı Beach (Balıkesir) 

KBAG-215Z019
[COMPLETED in 2018]

In this study, led by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Alp Alper with the guidance of Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak, the interstitial harpacticoid (Crustacea, Copepoda) fauna of Sarımsaklı Beach (Balıkesir) in the mediolittoral zone was investigated both qualitatively and quantitatively. Harpacticoid copepods were collected monthly from nine different sites along the beach between April 2016 and March 2017.

The research resulted in the identification of 66 species across 44 genera within 17 families. This significant study contributes to the comprehensive understanding of the biodiversity of Turkey’s coastal marine life and provides a valuable baseline for future ecological assessments and conservation strategies.

Project Report (in Turkish)
Widespread Mediolittoral Harpacticoid Copepods of the Turkish Coasts: Genetic and Taxonomic Diversity and Barcoding of the Species

KBAG-1119Z820
[COMPLETED in 2024]

Led by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Serdar Sönmez, with Assoc. Prof. Dr. Alp Alper and the advisory of Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ, Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak, Prof. Dr. Ertan Mahir Korkmaz, and with the support of MSc. Dilara Bakmaz, this project sought to define the genetic diversity and establish species boundaries for 16 harpacticoid species found along the Turkish coasts. Utilizing mtDNA barcoding, the study stands as a pioneering effort to apply molecular markers to the Harpacticoida order for a broad geographic assessment. The comprehensive research involved sampling at 124 stations, with genetic and morphological data providing new insights into species differentiation. Significant findings include the detection of distinct genetic variations, indicating potential new species, and reaffirming the reliability of traditional morphological taxonomy in identifying these species. The results contribute a vital step towards understanding biodiversity within the Harpacticoida and offer a valuable framework for future taxonomic studies.

Project Report (not available)

Theses

Completed Theses

Sak, S. (2004). Taxonomy and phylogeny of family Arenopotiidae (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) [Doctoral dissertation, Balıkesir University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Balıkesir University Repository. (In Turkish).

 
Alper, A. (2004). The determination and seasonal changes of Cladocera and Copepoda (Crustacea) species of the lake Uluabat [Master’s thesis, Balıkesir University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Balıkesir University Repository. (In Turkish).

  
Alper, A. (2009). Determination of the interstitial and phytal harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) fauna of the coast of Datça-Bozburun (Muğla, Turkey) specially protected area [Doctoral dissertation, Balıkesir University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Balıkesir University Repository. Advisor: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ; Asst. Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak. (In Turkish).

 
Bozkurt, N. (2004). Laophontidae (Crustacea: Copepoda: Harpacticoida) fauna of the Turkish Black Sea coast [Master’s thesis, Balıkesir University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Balıkesir University Repository. Advisor: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ. (In Turkish).

 
Sönmez, S. (2008). Ectinosomatidae (Crustacea:Copepoda:Harpacticoida) fauna of the Turkish Mediterranean coast [Master’s thesis, Balıkesir University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Balıkesir University Repository. Advisors: Asst. Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak; Assoc. Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ. (In Turkish). 

 
Sönmez, S. (2014). Taxonomic revision and zoogeography of the species of the miraciidae (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida) inhabiting in the mediolittoral zone of Turkish coasts [Doctoral dissertation, Balıkesir University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Balıkesir University Repository. Advisor: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak. (In Turkish).

 
Köroğlu, N. Ö. (2012). Harpacticoida (Crustacea: Copepoda) inhabiting the mediolittoral zone of the Kara island, Tavşan island and Çatal island (Bodrum, Turkey) [Master’s thesis, Mersin University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Mersin University Repository. Advisor: Assoc. Prof. Süphan Karaytuğ. (In Turkish).

 
Yıldız, N. Ö. (2021). Taxonomy, zoogeography, phylogeny of Ameira parvula (Claus, 1866) and nitocra affinis gurney, 1927 species complexes [Doctoral dissertation, Mersin University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Mersin University Repository. Advisor: Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ. (In Turkish).

 
Kuru, S. (2013). Taxonomic revision of parastenhelia (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Parastenheliidae) species inhabiting in the mediolittoral zone of Turkish coasts [Master’s thesis, Mersin University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Mersin University Repository. Advisor: Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ. (In Turkish).

 
Kuru, S. (2021). Partial taxonomic revision and phylogeny of the genera Klieonychocamptus noodt, 1958 and Echinolaophonte nicholls, 1941 (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Laophontidae) [Doctoral dissertation, Mersin University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Mersin University Repository. Advisors: Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ; Assoc. Prof. Dr. Serdar Sönmez. (In Turkish).

 
Metin, O. (2015). Determination of the interstitial Harpacticoida (Crustaceae, Copepoda) fauna of the coasts of Saros Bay (Çanakkale-Edi̇rne) [Master’s thesis, Balıkesir University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology, Zoology Science]. Balıkesir University Repository. Advisor: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak. (In Turkish).

 
Ersoy, E. (2018). Taxonomy and zoogeography of the family Tisbidae (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida) of Turkey [Master’s thesis, Balıkesir University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Balıkesir University Repository. Advisor: Dr. Öğr. Üyesi Alp Alper. (In Turkish).

 
Yurtdaş, S. (2018). Taxonomic revision of Laophonte cornuta Philippi,1840 (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Laophontidae) species complex inhabiting in Turkey [Master’s thesis, Mersin University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Mersin University Repository. Advisor: Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ. (In Turkish).

 
Yurtdaş, S. (2023). Contributions to the taxonomy, zoogeography and phylogeny of Laophonte Philippi, 1840 (Copepoda, Harpacticoida, Laophontidae) [Doctoral dissertation, Mersin University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology, Biology Science]. Mersin University Repository. Advisors: Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ; Assoc. Prof. Dr. Serdar Sönmez. (In Turkish).

 

Zengin, S. (2019). Taxonomy and zoogeopraphy of Metis ignea Philippi, 1843 (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida) inhabiting in the mediolittoral zone of Turkish coasts [Master’s thesis, Mersin University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology, Biology Science]. Mersin University Repository. Advisor: Prof. Dr. Süphan Karaytuğ. (In Turkish).

 
Kabaca, A. (2020). Determination of the harpacticoid copepod (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida) fauna inhabiting interstitial and phytal habitats in the mediolittoral zone of Biga peninsula (Çanakkale) coasts [Doctoral dissertation, Balıkesir University, Institute of Science, Department of Biology]. Balıkesir University Repository. Advisor: Prof. Dr. Serdar Sak. (In Turkish).

 
Bakmaz, D. (2023). Genetic and taxonomic diversity of Arenosetella Wilson C.B., 1932 (Crustacea, Copepoda, Harpacticoida) species living along the mediolittoral zone of the Turkish coasts [Master’s thesis, Sivas Cumhuriyet University, Institute of Science, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics]. Sivas Cumhuriyet University Repository. Advisors: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ertan Mahir Korkmaz; Assoc. Prof. Dr. Serdar Sönmez. (In Turkish).